how is bone grafting performedDentists around you share the best details on how is bone grafting performed

Bone grafting is a surgical method for rebuilding or repairing the bone by transplanting the bone tissues. By transplanting weak bone with a healthy bone, the supporting tissues and the bones can be recreated which are missing, thus strengthening the bone and its surrounding tissues. Bone grafting also helps for restoring the facial contour.

When is Bone Grafting Necessary?

When the jaw bone of the patient is too soft, or it is not thick enough, then before the dental implant surgery, the patient needs to have bone grafting done.  The reason for this is that the powerful chewing action of the mouth exerts massive pressure on the jawbones. If the bone cannot support the implant, then the surgical procedure would be a failure. Bone grafting helps by creating a robust solid base for the dental implant. Following are the reasons which lead to the deficiency and weakness of the natural bones.

  • Gum disease
  • Developmental defects
  • Empty spaces formed after teeth removal
  • Trauma or face injury

The Procedure of Bone Grafting

  • Conventionally, the process of bone grafting includes the removal of a piece of a bone from other parts of the body of the patient and then transplanting this bone into the jawbone.

The other option used nowadays is to obtain a bone from an animal source, or a cadaver and these bones are then used for replacing the missing jawbone.

  • Both of these options help to provide less morbidity rate in patients; prevention of infections is most successful. After this procedure, several months are needed by the transplanted bone to grow sufficient new bone cells for supporting the placement of the dental implant. After the healing of the jaw bone, the implanted process of the bone goes forward.

After this, the dental implant of the titanium is inserted into the jaw bone. The titanium in the bone-implant fuses with the jaw bone and supports the regular bridgework of the jaw.  This stage of bone grafting requires several months for healing.

  • Lastly, after the healing process, the periodontist would place an abutment, and extension of the metal part of the implant into the jaw. The placement of abutment is done with the help of local anesthesia in the outpatient setting. Then time is required for the healing of the soft tissues. Once healed, the jaw bone’s molds and the teeth are removed, and insertion of the final teeth takes place.

After the Bone Grafting

Either you have a bone grafting procedure in one stage or multiple stages, the following typical discomforts are experienced which are associated with every dental surgery procedure. Such as:

  • Bruising of the gums or skin
  • Minor bleeding
  • Pain at the site of bone grafting
  • Swelling of the gum and the associated face site

Risks of dental bone grafting:

This procedure of bone-implant has some risks. The problems and risks associated with dental bone implants are rare and can be treated easily when they occur as these problems are minor. Following are the risks associated with dental bone implants.

  • Infection at the site of the implant
  • Damage or injury to the surrounding structures which includes tissues, blood vessels, or other teeth
  • Sinus issues occur when the implant placed in the site of upper jaws projects into any of the sinus cavities.
  • The damage to the nerve results in numbness, pain, and tingling sensation into the gums, chin, lips, or natural teeth.

Do you think you might need the bone grafting procedure done? If so, you can consult with the dentist at Icon Dental Center, and they would let you know what methods would be the best benefit to you.

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